Mark Hannam
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Camilla Howalt



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Lesley Sherratt
Can Microfinance Work?

Boudewijn de Bruin
Ethics and the Financial Crisis: Why Incompetence is Worse than Greed

Nicholas Morris &
David Vines

Capital Failure: Rebuilding Trust in Financial Services

Looking at Warhol's Flowers

Jeremy Worman
Swimming With Diana Dors

Michael Ignatieff
Fire and Ashes: Success and
Failure in Politics


Jon Elster
Securities Against Misrule

Jesse Norman
Edmund Burke: Philosopher, Politician, Prophet

Michael Sandel
What Money Can't Buy: The Moral Limits of Markets

Hilary Mantel
Bring up the Bodies

Philip Coggan
Paper Promises: Money, Debt and the New World Order

Jeffrey Friedman &
Wladimir Kraus

Engineering the Financial Crisis: Systemic Risk and the Failure of Regulation

Jeremy Worman
Fragmented

Martin Gayford
Man with a Blue Scarf

Raghuram Rajan
Fault Lines

Jonathan Israel
A Revolution of the Mind

T.J.Clark
The Sight of Death

Beautiful Facts:
Recent Paintings by
Alison Turnbull


Jacqueline Novogratz
The Blue Sweater

Matthew Bishop &
Michael Green

Philanthrocapitalism

Camilla Howalt

James Griffin
On Human Rights

Ronald Cohen
The Second Bounce of the Ball

Edward Craig
The Mind of God and the Works of Man

Camilla uses a narrow range of colours, both in individual works and across the range of her works. Reds predominate: dark reds, purple reds, the red of dried blood and the red that fades into rose in the sunlight. She also uses greys and yellows, like mortar, like concrete and like sandstone. These are the colours of the earth, of the desert, and of baked soil. These are the colours of bricks and other building materials.

Each work contains variation of colour - depth, shade and intensity - but these variations are subtle. The colour is presented as a patchwork in which the viewer can detect the presence of minor deviations from a major theme. In a few cases a more definite contrast is created, a borderline that separates two blocks of colour that are noticeably distinct. But there are no sharp changes of colour, no provocations for viewer's eyes.

Coloured blocks are repeated to establish a pattern in the form of a grid. While there is some slight variation in the use of colour there is no perceptible variation in the size of the blocks within each work. The blocks - often squares - are small, the sides only a few centimetres in length. They are generally bound together, sometimes with space visible between them but sometimes without.

Camilla uses discrete blocks to form the rows and columns that comprise her grids. Unlike traditional brickwork - where blocks are laid with alternate stretchers and headers, in Flemish bond or in herringbone - these blocks of colour are stacked alongside and upon each other. Despite being bound together they are not interlocked; these are not load-bearing walls.

The grids are made from a variety of materials. Some are made from felt, which has been cut and dyed, then sewn together to form a variegated pattern. The felt is then attached to linen and stretched. Others are made by the application of ink or paint - or a combination of both - onto paper. In these grids the blocks are drawn or painted adjacent to each other, then "tied down" by stitches drawn in darker ink. When the paper is visible between the blocks it creates the illusion that the blocks might float above the paper's surface if they were untied.

These different materials allow Camilla to manufacture different effects, both by the way the blocks are connected to each other to form grids and by the way that colour contrasts are presented. In the felt works the grids appear closer, tighter and more robust. The colour variations are achieved when blocks of different colour are placed adjacent to one another. In the paper works the grids appear open, looser and more fragile. Here variations in colour can be achieved within each block as well as between adjacent blocks. The grids appear more dispersed but the colours are more intense.

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© Mark Hannam 2009

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